Extropian principles

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1990 Original Extropian Principles

The original principles can be found in the 6th ever Extropy Magazine published in 1990.[1]

  • 1. Boundless Expansion
  • 2. Self-Transformation
  • 3. Dynamic Optimism
  • 4. Intelligent Technology

1992 Extropian Principles 2.0

Summer '92 in issue #9[2]

  • Boundless Expansion
  • Self-Transformation
  • Dynamic Optimism
  • Intelligent Technology
  • Spontaneous Order

1993 Extropian Principles 2.5

The Extropian Principles 2.5 as laid out by Max More in 1993:[3]

1. Boundless Expansion

Seeking more intelligence, wisdom, and effectiveness, an unlimited lifespan, and the removal of political, cultural, biological, and psychological limits to self-actualization and self-realization. Perpetually overcoming constraints on our progress and possibilities. Expanding into the universe and advancing without end.

2. Self-Transformation

Affirming continual moral, intellectual, and physical self-improvement, through reason and critical thinking, personal responsibility, and experimentation. Seeking biological and neurological augmentation.

3. Dynamic Optimism

Fueling dynamic action with positive expectations. Adopting a rational, action-based optimism, shunning both blind faith and stagnant pessimism.

4. Intelligent Technology

Applying science and technology creatively to transcend "natural" limits imposed by our biological heritage, culture, and environment.

5. Spontaneous Order

Supporting decentralized, voluntaristic social coordination processes. Fostering tolerance, diversity, long-term thinking, personal responsibility, and individual liberty.[4]

1998 Extropian Principles Version 3.0

The version 3 principles were updated as so:[5]

  • Perpetual Progress
  • Self-Transformation
  • Practical Optimism
  • Intelligent Technology
  • Open Society
  • Self-Direction
  • Rational Thinking

2003 Principles of Extropy Version 3.11

As above with more minor clarifications.[6]

This would be the final version controlled by Max More.

2010 The Extropist Manifesto

The Extropist Manifesto was written in 1998, expanding upon the 1993 version by Breki Tomasson and Hank Pellissier

The revised principles now include:[7]

  • Endless eXtension
  • Transcending Restrictions
  • Overcoming Property
  • Intelligence
  • Smart Machines