Freeman Dyson

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Dyson at the Long Now Seminar in San Francisco, California, in 2005

Freeman Dyson was an English-born American theoretical physicist and mathematician. He developed the concepts for a number of futurist technologies including the eponymous Dyson sphere.


He was a skeptic of the concept of a sudden fast takeoff technological singularity[1][2] but is often associated with transhumanism and exponential technologies.[3]

Freeman Dyson, who claims that transhumanism describes what is possible today, cannot be achieved with the solutions of modern technology, but what will affect us soon, because transhumanism forecasts are based on the current state of technology and are linked to the directions of its development. Transhumanism is to be a dream-like, yet predictive, philosophy. In this context, Dyson says:
"Science is my territory, but science fiction is the landscape of my dreams"[4]

He personally rejected explicit association with 'isms':

...what are your general thoughts on the Singularity movement, transhumanism, and Ray Kurzweil's overall philosophy on human progress?...
...Dyson: I do not believe in any kind of ism. I believe we understand very little about human nature, about psychology or about economics. I do not take seriously any of the people who claim to predict the future. I believe them even less when they claim to be accurate predictors.[5]


Dyson was a critic of climate change being treated as a global priority, pointing to alternative technological solutions ranging from geo-engineering and biotechnology. Biotechnology to genetically engineer 4 inch tall humans[6]Downsizing</ref> was even considered, but limited life spans rather than any life extension solutions.[7]

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