Neo-Luddism or New Luddism is a philosophy opposing many forms of modern technology.
It is one of the main philosophical streams of thoughts in opposition to transhumanism.
The opposition to automated labor may be considered a form of rational neo-luddism. Original luddites opposed factory machines and the industrial revolution to preserve their jobs. Likewise, the neo-luddites of today are likely to foster resistance to the 4th industrial revolution.