Difference between revisions of "Speciesism"

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'''Speciesism''' is systemic bias or personal prejudice that creates or enforces unequal [[Bioethics|ethical]] consideration of otherwise-equivalent interests and [[Cognition in nonhuman animals|capacities]] between individuals of different species.  In science fiction and fantasy settings, it is often used as a stand-in for more widely recognized forms of discrimination, such as racism.<ref name="tvtropes-fantastic-racism">TV Tropes Wiki: [https://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/FantasticRacism Fantastic Racism]</ref>
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'''Speciesism''' is systemic bias or personal prejudice that creates or enforces unequal [[Bioethics|ethical]] consideration of otherwise-equivalent interests and [[Cognition in nonhuman animals|capacities]] between individuals of different species.   
  
 
'''Anthrochauvinism''' may be used synonymously or in reference to a more specific variety, which exclusively elevates humans and/or immediately-related species such as trans/post-humans and great apes.
 
'''Anthrochauvinism''' may be used synonymously or in reference to a more specific variety, which exclusively elevates humans and/or immediately-related species such as trans/post-humans and great apes.
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== History and usage of terminology ==
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=== Origin and popularization ===
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=== Dietary and consumption practices ===
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=== In fiction ===
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In science fiction and fantasy settings, it is often used as a stand-in for more widely recognized forms of discrimination, such as racism.<ref name="tvtropes-fantastic-racism">TV Tropes Wiki: [https://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/FantasticRacism Fantastic Racism]</ref>
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== Relevance to Transhumanism ==
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=== Personhood ===
  
 
Most forms of [[transhumanism]] oppose speciesism as concerned with [[posthumanism|speciated human descendents]] and [[De-extinction|revived]] and/or [[Uplifting|uplifted]] nonhumans, as well as [[environmentalism]], and this is reflected in transhumanist projects and publications, such as the [[Transhumanist FAQ]] and [[IEET]] Rights of Nonhuman Persons program.
 
Most forms of [[transhumanism]] oppose speciesism as concerned with [[posthumanism|speciated human descendents]] and [[De-extinction|revived]] and/or [[Uplifting|uplifted]] nonhumans, as well as [[environmentalism]], and this is reflected in transhumanist projects and publications, such as the [[Transhumanist FAQ]] and [[IEET]] Rights of Nonhuman Persons program.
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=== Bioethical abolitionism ===
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Stances on speciesism heavily impact [[Abolitionism|bioethical abolitionist]] attitudes towards wild animals<ref name="hedweb-hi-ch1">[https://www.hedweb.com/hedethic/hedon1.htm The Hedonistic Imperative, Chapter 1], David Pearce (2005)</ref> and criticism thereof.<ref name="hedweb-hi-critique">[https://www.hedweb.com/transhumanism/critique.html Objections to bioethical abolitionism from a non-hedonistic perspective], Anonymous</ref> 
  
  
 
== See also ==
 
== See also ==
  
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* [[Abolitionism]]
 
* [[Biochauvinism]]
 
* [[Biochauvinism]]
 
* [[Environmentalism]]
 
* [[Environmentalism]]
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* [[Hedonistic Imperative]]
 
* [[Sentient rights]]
 
* [[Sentient rights]]
 
* [[Transhumanist FAQ]]
 
* [[Transhumanist FAQ]]
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== References ==
 
== References ==
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[[Category:Social issues]]
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[[Category:Transhumanist politics]]

Revision as of 23:50, 28 March 2019

Speciesism is systemic bias or personal prejudice that creates or enforces unequal ethical consideration of otherwise-equivalent interests and capacities between individuals of different species.

Anthrochauvinism may be used synonymously or in reference to a more specific variety, which exclusively elevates humans and/or immediately-related species such as trans/post-humans and great apes.

History and usage of terminology

Origin and popularization

Dietary and consumption practices

In fiction

In science fiction and fantasy settings, it is often used as a stand-in for more widely recognized forms of discrimination, such as racism.[1]

Relevance to Transhumanism

Personhood

Most forms of transhumanism oppose speciesism as concerned with speciated human descendents and revived and/or uplifted nonhumans, as well as environmentalism, and this is reflected in transhumanist projects and publications, such as the Transhumanist FAQ and IEET Rights of Nonhuman Persons program.

Bioethical abolitionism

Stances on speciesism heavily impact bioethical abolitionist attitudes towards wild animals[2] and criticism thereof.[3]


See also

External links

References