Uplifting is a proposed process of guided interventions to raise non-humans human-level sapience, or intelligence. Suggested methods include cultural interventions, genetic engineering, nanotechnological implants, etc.
In fiction, interactions between a 'patron' species and their uplifted 'clients' are often used as allegory to explore other power dynamics in society.
- Uplift (science fiction) on Wikipedia
- Uplifting Animal & Aliens, Part 1 of 2 from Isaac Arthur and Uplifting: Animals and Aliens Part II with John Michael Godier
- Sue Savage-Rumbaugh on the welfare of apes in captivity by George Dvorsky, Sentient Developments, August 13, 2006.