The movie is based on the novel of the same name by Frank Herbert.
Dune is the story of a territorial war over a spice called "melange" that is found on only 1 planet; Arrakis (nicknamed "Dune").
"Melange" or "Spice" is the key element relating to transhumanism. Spice is able to grant people greater longevity, more intelligence as if it were in fact a nootropic, and it can also grant telekinetic abilities.
Dune would later be adapted into a 3-part TV mini-series called Frank Herbert's Dune that was released in 2000. Frank Herbert's Dune was then followed by another TV mini-series titled Frank Herbert's Children of Dune.
In 2016, it was announced that Legendary Entertainment had acquired the rights to Dune for both Film and TV series. "Legendary and the Frank Herbert estate have reached an agreement which includes both the film and television motion picture rights to the classic sci-fi novel Dune. The agreement allows Legendary and Universal Pictures to develop film and television projects based on the franchise for a global audience."