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Extropianism is a type of developed transhumanism that encompassed libertarian political values of democracy, based on some of Extropy Institute's research and publications. However, it is not exclusively libertarian, as many member were not libertarian and/or current individuals who call themselves extropian are currently not libertarian. These individual share individual rights and less government.

Notable advocates include Max More.

Positions include:

... and other futurist libertarian positions.

Members of their mailing lists would go on to be involved with Bitcoin and future libertarian and transhumanist projects.[2]



The principles of extropianism would be discussed in:


The Extropian Principles 2.5 as laid out by Max More in 1993:

1. Boundless Expansion

Seeking more intelligence, wisdom, and effectiveness, an unlimited lifespan, and the removal of political, cultural, biological, and psychological limits to self-actualization and self-realization. Perpetually overcoming constraints on our progress and possibilities. Expanding into the universe and advancing without end.

2. Self-Transformation

Affirming continual moral, intellectual, and physical self-improvement, through reason and critical thinking, personal responsibility, and experimentation. Seeking biological and neurological augmentation.

3. Dynamic Optimism

Fueling dynamic action with positive expectations. Adopting a rational, action-based optimism, shunning both blind faith and stagnant pessimism.

4. Intelligent Technology

Applying science and technology creatively to transcend "natural" limits imposed by our biological heritage, culture, and environment.

5. Spontaneous Order

Supporting decentralized, voluntaristic social coordination processes. Fostering tolerance, diversity, long-term thinking, personal responsibility, and individual liberty.[5]

External links


  1. Who wants to live forever?
  2. The Extropian Roots of Bitcoin
  3. The Origin of Tech Species
  4. 1998-2006 archive
  5. The Extropian Principles 2.5