Francis Bacon (1561–1626) was a Renaissance-Era, English philosopher and statesman known for promoting scientific methodology. James Hughes has suggested that Bacon was the first person to combine "transhumanist aspirations with the scientific imagination", citing Bacon's novel New Atlantis as portraying "a proto-transhumanist utopia" of scientists who work towards goals such as life extension.
- "Francis Bacon Biography". The Biography.com website. A&E Television Networks. "Francis Bacon was an English Renaissance statesman and philosopher, best known for his promotion of the scientific method."
- Hughes, James (October 20, 2011). "Transhumanism". In Bainbridge, William. Leadership in Science and Technology: A Reference Handbook. SAGE Publications. p. 587. ISBN 1452266522. "The interweaving of transhumanist aspirations with the scientific imagination probably begins with Francis Bacon (1561–1626), whose work is often cited as the beginning of Enlightenment science. [...] In his novel New Atlantis, Bacon imagines a proto-transhumanist utopia governed by a scientific elite and focusing on research with the goal of 'effecting all things possible.' [...] The scientists of New Atlantis worked toward the conquering of disease, 'the prolongation of life, the restitution of youth to some degree, the retardation of age,' to increase strength and control pain, and the 'making of new species, transplanting of one species into another' ".