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Neurodiversity is an ideology and movement which considers that mental disabilities are actually healthy phenotypical variations. Examples of "misdiagnosed" disorders according to the movement include ADHD, autism spectrum disorder, dyscalculia, dyslexia, dyspraxia and Tourette syndrome, among others.[1] Proponents argue that just as non-heterosexual people were diagnosed with a disorder until some decades ago, the aforementioned conditions should not be treated, because despite being rare, they are nonetheless healthy mental types. From neurodiversity's perspective, people with these disorders are considered "neurodivergent"[2] and those without "neurotypical".[3]


Neurodiversity has met criticism from both neurotypical and neurodivergent people.

Depathologizing autism

Some people with autism, despite respecting neurodiversity's ideal of defending the rights of disabled people, have rejected neurodiversity, arguing that it may even damage them.[4] Neurodiversity advocates either rest importance or outright ignore the disrupting effects of autism in a person's life. Furthermore, they only focus on normalizing high-functioning autism or Asperger's syndrome, who despite excelling at their career or studies, many face social hardships and cannot live independently. These everyday difficulties can be meltdowns, isolation or even schizophrenia.

Relationship with transhumanism

Neurodiversity has not caught significant attention from transhumanist thinkers, but its tenet of accepting impairing conditions might go against transhumanismist philosophy.[citation needed]