Posthumanism

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Posthumanism in a futurist context incorporates a number of different meanings.

Overview

Meanings include:

Posthumanism has multiple unrelated and overlapping definitions and is generally a confusing term.[1]

Forms

As a critique of humanism

Posthumanism is often a critique of humanism especially in the context of human exceptionalism, sometimes known as antihumanism.

Humanism, subjective relativism, is fundamentally based on the notion that: "The man is the measure of everything" (Protagoras), and posthumanism critiques this inherent human exceptionalism. Transhumanism is a part of Posthumanism, as Transhumanism specifies that humanity and human condition are defined by the technological context, so the "measure" mentioned by Protagoras changes in time[2]. This binds the transhumanism idea into the continuation of the philosophical humanist tradition. In Wikipedia, this is definition is called: "Philosophical Posthumanism".

Beyond humanity as we know it

Other applications of the term included a future subjugated by unfriendly AI, aliens, or other such stagnation of the human condition such as voluntary human extinction.

Examples of futurist posthumanism that doesn't address the human condition explicitly are:

As a developed form of transhumanism

Posthuman transhumanism can incorporate both 'what comes after' humanity and transhumanism, however is often used synonymously with mainstream transhumanist philosophies in highly futuristic scenarios.

External links

References

  1. Boundary Work: Post- and Transhumanism, Part I, James Michael MacFarlane
  2. What is the Difference between Posthumanism and Transhumanism?, Kevin LaGrandeur, Ethical Technology