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'''Genetic testing''' involves the sequencing of genetic material, typically in a commercial or law enforcement context.
In 2008, the European Court of Human Rights ruling
that that keeping a non-criminal's DNA sample "could not be regarded as necessary in a democratic society" as a blow against the United Kingdom's emergent practices at the time.<ref>[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S_and_Marper_v_United_Kingdom S and Marper v United Kingdom]</ref>
In July 2015, the country of Kuwait was the first mandate storage of genetic information on a national database with those refusing liable for harsh fines or jail terms.<ref>[http://www.sciencealert.com/kuwait-has-become-the-first-country-to-make-dna-testing-mandatory-for-all-residents Kuwait has become the first country to make DNA testing mandatory for all residents ]</ref>
The private genetic testing company [[23andMe]] has seen significant growth in recent years in the area of personal
heath reports, though the commercial use of its data has raised some privacy concerns.<ref>[http://venturebeat.com/2013/09/20/how-to-use-23andme-without-giving-up-your-genetic-privacy/ How to use 23andMe without giving up your genetic privacy]</ref>
== In fiction ==