A superconductor is an object that has no electrical resistance. Superconductors are usually created by greatly lowering the temperature of certain materials.
A patent for a room temperature superconductor was recently filed by Salvatore Cezar Pais, a scientist working for the U.S. Navy. Pais claims to have discovered a way to create superconductors that function at room temperature. Below is an excerpt detailing how this room-temperature superconductor is to be built:
The application claims that a room-temperature superconductor can be built using a wire with an insulator core and an aluminum PZT (lead zirconate titanate) coating deposited by vacuum evaporation with a thickness of the London penetration depth and polarized after deposition.
An electromagnetic coil is circumferentially positioned around the coating such that when the coil is activated with a pulsed current, a non-linear vibration is induced, enabling room temperature superconductivity.