Transhumanism and nationalism

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Many influential transhumanists have expressed their opposition to nationalism,[1] for a number of reasons. Some transhumanists such as FM-2030 argued that national identities should be dissolved entirely.


Quotes from Optimism One (1970):[2]

"People will belong to no specific families or factions, classes or sects, races or nationalities. We will free flow across the planet and beyond. Highly universal, yet individual". "Nationalism compels mass conformity to a national identity. Nationalists have blocked personalities because they have been conditioned to grow and relate only within a national or ethnic periphery. The German, Chinese, Brazilian, Catholic, Zoroastrian — each is required to abide by traditions and identity of its own ethnic group or nation".

Quotes from Upwingers: A Futurist Manifesto (1973):[3]

"Begin by consciously disavowing your nationality. You have outgrown religion. You must now outgrow nationality".

FM-2030's opposition to nationalism appears to be motivated by both individualism and a desire to create a global community, as exemplified in the quote "Highly universal, yet individual".

Kate Levchuk

In The Transhumanist Handbook[4] (2019), Kate Levchuk stated that:

"A transhumanist does not believe in religion or nationality as she realizes all these constructs have been artificially created to divide and control weak and misled people".


  2. Esfandiary, F. M.  Optimism one; the emerging radicalism [by] F. M. Esfandiary  Norton New York  1970
  3. Esfandiary, F. M.. Upwingers. United States, Open Road Integrated Media, Incorporated, 2002.
  4. The Transhumanism Handbook. Germany, Springer International Publishing, 2019.